As the religious diversity of Latinos grows, the major religious groups are marked by sharply differing levels of religious commitment.
Latino evangelical Protestants are the most likely to say they attend worship services at least weekly, pray daily and consider religion to be very important in their lives. Latino Catholics and mainline Protestants fall in the middle between these two groups. With few exceptions, Hispanic religious groups are similar to their non-Hispanic counterparts in the general public in terms of religious commitment.
The main exception is Hispanic mainline Protestants, who tend to be somewhat more religious, by conventional measures, than white non-Hispanic mainline Protestants.prophchurchvernhow.gq
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The differences stem primarily from higher levels of religious practice among foreign-born mainliners. For more on religious commitment and practices, including engagement in congregational life, see Chapter 3. When it comes to social and political views, Hispanics also fall into distinct groups along religious lines.
Like the U. However, there still are sizable differences in views about same-sex marriage among Hispanic religious groups. These differences among Hispanic religious groups are largely in keeping with patterns found among the same religious groups in the general public.
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Hispanics tend to be more conservative than the general public in their views on abortion. But Latino religious groups differ markedly in their views about abortion. Latinos are closely divided over the role that churches and other houses of worship should play in public debates over social and political issues.
But, once again, there are sizable differences of opinion among Hispanic religious groups. By contrast, half or more of religiously unaffiliated and mainline Protestant Hispanics say that church leaders should stay out of political matters. Solid majorities of Hispanics in all major religious groups reject traditional views of gender roles within marriage.
Overall, Hispanics are no more likely to prefer traditional marriage roles than the general public was in a Pew Research survey that asked many of the same questions. And Latino Protestants — including mainline as well as evangelical Protestants — are more inclined than either Catholics or the religiously unaffiliated to believe that husbands should have the final say on family matters.
Latinos who attend services more regularly are more inclined to say this than are those who attend less frequently. Hispanics are more unified when it comes to party identification. Across all of the major religious groups, Hispanics are more likely to identify with the Democratic Party than with the Republican Party. The partisan gap is narrower among Latino evangelicals than among other religious groups.
About half or more of both foreign-born and U.
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However, those who are foreign born — including some who are not U. For more on views about social and political issues, see Chapter 9. This report is based on findings from a Pew Research Center survey conducted May July 28, , among a nationally representative sample of 5, Hispanic adults.
The survey was conducted in both English and Spanish on cellular as well as landline telephones. The margin of error for the full sample is plus or minus 2. For a detailed description of the methodology, see Appendix A. Estimates of the current religious profile of Hispanics are based on 4, respondents who were asked the standard Pew Research question on religious affiliation, which has been used in numerous U. Estimates of change in religious affiliation from to are based on Pew Research surveys that use the same standard question about religious affiliation.
To allow for a direct comparison with that survey, a random subsample of 1, respondents in the new survey were asked about their religious affiliation using the question wording. For more details, see the sidebar in Chapter 1. Many Pew Research staff members contributed to the development of this survey and accompanying report. Jessica Hamar Martinez and Cary Funk were the principal researchers on this survey and lead authors of the report. Elizabeth Sciupac contributed to the data analysis, writing and number checking.
Expert advice on portions of the questionnaire was provided by R. Murphy of Georgetown University and Timothy J. Steigenga of Florida Atlantic University.
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Chapter 1 looks at the religious affiliation of Hispanics, including religious profiles of the major Hispanic origin groups in the United States. Chapter 3 describes religious commitment and religious practices, including frequency of attendance at worship services, frequency of prayer and involvement in church activities aside from worship services. Chapter 5 discusses the ethnic characteristics of the churches that Hispanics attend, including the availability of Spanish-language worship services, the presence of Hispanic clergy and the presence of other Hispanic churchgoers.
Chapter 6 explores religious beliefs, including beliefs about the Bible, the Virgin Mary and the prosperity gospel. Chapter 7 examines renewalism among Hispanics, including the beliefs and practices of those who identify as Pentecostal and charismatic Protestants and Catholics. Chapter 8 takes a closer look at the experience of the spirit world. Chapter 9 covers views on social and political issues, such as abortion, same-sex marriage, gender expectations and the role of the church in political matters.
While those born in Puerto Rico are U. Language dominance, or primary language, is a composite measure based on self-described assessments of speaking and reading abilities. Racial and ethnic groups are classified as follows unless otherwise noted: whites include only non-Hispanic whites; blacks include only non-Hispanic blacks; Hispanics are of any race.
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Some trend figures in this report may differ from past publications due to differences in classifying religious groups. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Broad-Based Changes in Religious Identity The recent changes in religious affiliation are broad-based, occurring among Hispanic men and women, those born in the United States and those born abroad, and those who have attended college as well as those with less formal education.
Latinos Make Up a Rising Share of Catholics Even though the percentage of Hispanics who identify as Catholic has been declining, Hispanics continue to make up an increasingly large share of U. Religious Affiliation Religious affiliation is based on self-identification into religious groups. The estimate of the number of Latino adults in the U. For a review, see Paul Perl, Jennifer Z. Greely and Mark M. Comparisons of the new survey with the first major Pew Research Center survey of Latinos and religion, conducted in and released in , also finds a sizable decline in the share of Catholics.
However, the survey used a slightly different question about religious affiliation. To allow an apples-to-apples comparison, a portion of respondents in the new survey were asked precisely the same question as in The size of other religious groups is roughly the same.
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Among all households in the United States, The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than age 18 present in , whereas for all married-couple households it was The percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under age 18 where both spouses were employed in , whereas nationwide it was The number of U. This is a More than half 58 percent of all Spanish speakers and 57 percent of Hispanic Spanish speakers spoke English "very well.
The percentage of the Hispanic population age 25 and older with a bachelor's degree or higher in The number of Hispanics age 25 and older with advanced degrees in e. The percentage of students both undergraduate and graduate enrolled in college in who were Hispanic. The percentage of the The percentage of Hispanics or Latinos age 16 and older who were in the civilian labor force in The percentage of civilian employed Hispanics or Latinos age 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in The percentage of voters in the presidential election who were Hispanic.
Hispanics comprised 4. The number of Hispanics or Latinos age 18 and older who are veterans of the U. Estimated number of Hispanic-owned firms nationally in , up from 2.
The estimated percentage of the 3. Of all U.
2015, Hispanic Population in the United States Statistical Portrait
Updated February 28, Infoplease Staff. From the U. Population States and Counties